Speech Sound Solutions

A speech sound disorder
isn't just one thing.

It's a blanket term to describe a variety of sound issues children have when speaking.


When we understand the patterns of your child's speech sound disorder, we can work together to solve it.

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The process can feel overwhelming at first.

We created this site to provide parents, and those who are interested in learning more about speech sound disorders (SSD), an entry into the world of SSD. 


What are Speech Sound Disorders?

Speech-Language Pathologists (SLP) are masters in teaching the coordination of our speech system to accurately say sounds. We're trained to differentiate between typical and atypical acquisition and work with children (and adults) to obtain appropriate production. All children have speech sound variations when they are learning to speak. If the variations persist longer than typical, the acquisition of other skills (like literacy) can be impacted. 

A speech sound disorder can be a stand-alone or co-occurring issue. It can be structural, phonological, articulatory, or motor-based. For example,

  • a structural issue could be the result of a cleft palate.
  • an articulatory issue could be a lack of ability to produce a sound accurately. 
  • a phonological issue could be a lack of awareness of particular sounds.   
  • and finally, a motor-based issue is a problem in programming and/or planning, as in Childhood Apraxia of Speech. 

These terms are used frequently when discussing a speech sound disorder. Ask your SLP to help explain the implications of these elements and your child.


Sometimes I catch my son practicing his sounds during his pretend play with his stuffed animals. I hear him struggling to pronounce his “s” sound but giving it his best shot and trying to correct himself. It seems like he is gaining the tools he needs to help say his ‘s’ sound even better and I can tell he’s excited about that.
— Parent


On this site you'll find basic information on the steps a SLP goes through to determine the course of treatment. We may go into SLP-jargon from time to time but this site was built so you, as a parent, will have an understanding of the treatment process. 

What's Typical

This section provides information on “typical development” and elaborates on the types of things common with speech sound disorders.


In assessment, you will find information on the procedures your SLP will follow when evaluating your child. We also have a handy chart for you to review many of the assessments your SLP may chose to use. Finally, we will provide information on how to calculate intelligibility. Although you and I may understand your child, we need to make sure anyone can understand them. An intelligibility score is a benchmark we use to evaluate our progress.  

Treatment Approaches

The information uncovered in the assessment will inform our treatment approach. This section outlines many of the approaches SLPs use and provides information on multicultural differences. Speech-Language Pathology is an evidence-based practice, so your clinician will be determining the approach based on outcomes in other cases similar to your child's as well as their experience in the clinic. 


This section provides samples of the activities we do in therapy. Often SLPs have ideas for carryover activities you can do at home.   


A speech sound disorder can impact your child's reading capabilities. Since reading is a critical skill, it is important to address how the SSD is impacting your child's literacy.

Inspiration from Other Blogs

We also consult blogs to get the latest on evidence-based practice or new ideas for therapy. This section has ideas for implementation at home, in the classroom, and in the therapy room. 



We have a lot of work to do so, let's get start exploring what's typical in speech sound development.